Essential Instructional Practices in Early Literacy, Prekindergarten
The purpose of early literacy essentials is to improve children’s literacy in Michigan. Professional development throughout the state can focus on this set of research-supported literacy instructional practices for daily use in the classroom. Emphasis is on the prekindergarten child since literacy knowledge and skills developed in these early years predict later literacy achievement.
Early childhood education can help improve reading-by-third-grade outcomes. Pre-K education also can address disparities in literacy achievement. Expert research suggests that each of the 10 practices outlined in this document can have a positive impact on literacy development.
The use of these practices in every Michigan classroom every day can make a measurable, positive difference in the state’s literacy achievement.
This document is intended to be read in concert with Essential Instructional Practices in Early Literacy, Kindergarten – Grade 3. There is important overlap and continuity in these two documents.
Videos of Sample Practices
Pre-K Essential 1
E1, Bullet 1
E1, Bullet 2
Pre-K Essential 2
Pre-K Essential 3
Pre-K Essential 3, bullet 1: Leading children in Higher-order Discussion
Pre-K Essential 3, bullets 2&3: Interactive Read-Alouds and Vocabulary Development
Pre-K Essential 3, bullet 4: Using New Vocabulary Throughout the Day
Pre-K Essential 3, bullet 5: Teaching Vocabulary in Clusters
Pre-K Essential 4
Pre-K Essential 4, bullet 1: Creating Variations of Literature
Pre-K Essential 4, bullet 2: Singing Songs to Promote Phonemic Awareness
Pre-K Essential 4, bullet 3: Sorting using Sounds
Pre-K Essential 4, bullet 4: Playing with Sounds
Pre-K Essential 4, bullet 5: Playing with Sound Segments
Pre-K Essential 5
Pre-K Essential 5, bullet 1
Pre-K Essential 6
Pre-K Essential 6, bullet 1: Interactive Writing Experience
Pre-K Essential 6, bullet 2: Using Scaffolded Writing
Pre-K Essential 7
Pre-K Essential 7, bullets 1, 4 & 5: Expanding Children’s Language Skills
Pre-K Essential 7, bullets 2 & 3: Engaging in Extended Conversations with Children
Pre-K Essential 8
Pre-K Essential Essential 8, Bullets 1-5 Abundant Reading Materials Sample Video
Pre-K Essential 9
Pre-K Essential Essential 9, Bullets 1, 2 & 4 Ongoing Observation Sample Video
Pre-K Essential 10
Pre-K Essential Essential 10, Bullets 1-5 Promoting Literacy at Home Sample Video
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